A Chronological List of All Popes

This chronological list of all popes begins with Peter, and it uses A.D. 30 as his start date because that is the dating used by the Roman Catholic's Annuario Pontificio, the most official list of popes that exists.

There is, of course, no way that Peter was the bishop of Rome in A.D. 30. In fact, it's only a possibility that Jesus, who was born no later than 4 B.C., was even crucified in the year 30.

It is important to know that the pope is, by definition, the bishop of Rome. Roman Catholic theology teaches that Peter was given the keys to the kingdom by Jesus in Matthew 16:19, went to Rome later in his life, and that those keys and Peter's leadership of God's visible kingdom on earth were passed on to the bishop of Rome.

According to Roman Catholicism, each bishop of Rome inherits that authority from his predecessor.

Historically, there's no doubt this doctrine is false. (That statement may be offensive to some, but since there's no question it's true, it's important for me to tell you so.)

Most Protestants would consider Gregory the Great (590 – 604) the first pope in the list of all popes. The Institute for Catholic Culture has a very interesting series of lectures concerning the medieval papacy which argues that Pope Gregory was the first to actually possess the kind of ecclesiastic and political power that they believe the pope ought to possess.

Is there a contradiction between Tertullian's dates, who has Clement being appointed by Peter on authority of the Roman church itself, and the dates below?

Not really. This is just one more piece of evidence, among many, that Rome had multiple bishops in the 1st century.

That said, here is the chronological list of all popes, per the Roman Catholic's Annuario Pontificio. There are 263 of them, though Benedict IX is listed 3 times due to 3 non-consecutive reigns.

The dates during the 1st and 2nd centuries are very questionable. For example, Tertullian says that Clement was appointed by Peter, which would make him a bishop of Rome as of A.D. 67 at the latest.


30 – 64

64 – 78

78 – 88

90 – 99

99 – 106

106 – 116

116 – 125

125 – 137

137 – 141

141 – 155

155 – 166

166 – 175

175 – 189

189 – 199

199 – 217

217 – 223

Peter (the apostle)

Linus

Anacletus

Clement I (aka Clement of Rome)

Evaristus

Alexander I

Sixtus I

Telephorus

Hyginus

Pius I

Anicetus

Soter

Eleutherius

Victor

Zephyrinus

Callistus I (Hippolytus split and formed his own congregation in Rome when Callistus took office)

223 – 230

Jul. 230 – Sept. 235

Urban 1

Pontian

Nov. 235 – Jan. 236

Anterus

Nov. 236 – Jan. 250

Fabian

Mar. 251 – Jun. 253

Cornelius (Novatian left the church during Cornelius' reign, and Novatianism spread and lasted until late in the 4th century, when the end of persecution made their division unnecessary)

Jun. 253 – Mar. 254

Lucius I

May 254 – Aug. 257

Stephen I (had much dissension with St. Cyprian of Carthage over the rebaptism of heretics)

Aug. 257 – Aug. 258

Sixtus II

Jul. 259 – Dec. 268

Dionysius

Jan. 269 – Dec. 274

Felix I

Jan. 275 – Dec. 283

Eutychian

Dec. 283 – Apr. 296

Caius (or Gaius)

Jun. 296 – Apr. 304

Marcellinus

308 – 309

Marcellus I

309 – 310

Eusebius (NOT the historian, nor the Arius supporter)

Jul. 311 – Jan. 314

Miltiades

Jan. 314 – Dec. 335

Sylvester I (Council of Nicea happened, and he's the pope mentioned in the forged Donation of Constantine; Constantine was emperor during all of Sylvester's rule)

Jan. 336 – Oct. 336

Mark

Feb. 337 – Apr. 352

Julius I

May 352 – Sept. 366

Liberius (was banished by Constantius II for 2 years from 355 to 357 for rejecting Arian doctrine and refusing to support the condemnation of Athanasius, during which time the deacon Felix, known to the Roman Catholic Church as "antipope" Felix II, was made bishop)

Oct. 366 – Dec. 384

Damasus I (Ursicinus was elected pope at the same time as Damasus; Damasus won out with the support of the Roman prefect after rioting and bloodshed, and Ursicinus was banished)

Dec. 384 – Nov. 399

Siricius (St. Augustine was bishop of Hippo in Africa during this time)

Nov. 399 – Dec. 401

Anastasius I

Dec. 401 – Mar. 417

Innocent I

Mar. 417 – Dec. 418

Zosimus

Dec. 418 – Sept. 422

Boniface I

Sept. 422 – Jul. 432

Celestine I

Jul. 432 – 440

Sixtus III

Sept. 440 – Nov. 461

Leo I (the Great)

Nov. 461 – Feb. 468

Hilarius

Mar. 468 – Mar. 483

Simplicius

Mar. 483 – Mar. 492

Felix III (Felix II was a temporary pope installed by the emperor Constantius II while Liberius was banished from 355 – 357, thus Schaff's History of the Christian Church lists this pope as Felix II and likewise drops the number on all subsequent Pope Felixes)

Jan. 492 – Nov. 496

Gelasius I

Nov. 496 – Nov. 498

Anastasius II

Nov. 498 – Jul. 514

Symmachus

Jul. 514 – Jul. 523

Hormisdas

Aug. 523 – May 526

John I

Jul. 526 – Sept. 530

Felix IV

Sept. 530 – Oct. 532

Boniface II

Jan. 533 – May 535

John II (Schaff's History of the Christian Church makes it 532, and the Catholic Encyclopedia lists the time with a question mark

May 535 – Apr. 536

Agapetus I

Jun. 536 – Nov. 537

Silverius

Mar. 537 – Jun. 555

Vigilius (obviously there's an overlap with Silverius, and Vigilius had some questionable circumstances surrounding his rise to the papacy)

Apr. 556 – Mar. 561

Pelagius I

Jul. 561 – Jul. 574

John III

Jun. 575 – Jul. 579

Benedict I

Nov. 579 – Feb. 590

Pelagius II

Sept. 590 – Mar. 604

Gregory I (the Great; Protestant historians often consider him the first pope)

Sept. 604 – Feb. 606

Sabinian

Feb. 607 – Nov. 607

Boniface III

Aug. 608 – May 615

Boniface IV

Oct. 615 – Nov. 618

Adeodatus I

Dec. 619 – Oct. 625

Boniface V

Oct. 625 – Oct. 638

Honorius I

Oct. 638 – Aug. 640

Severinus

Dec. 640 – Oct. 642

John IV

Nov. 642 – May 649

Theodore I

Jul. 649 – Sept. 655

Martin I (exiled in 653 by Emperor Constans II for opposing the monothelitism—one will rather than a divine and human will in Christ—espoused by the patriarchs of Constantinople)

Aug. 654 – Jun. 657

Eugene I (the overlap between Eugene and Martin is because a successor was chosen before Pope Martin I died in exile—Maybe the emperor should have had the title of pope!)

Jul. 657 – Jan. 672

Vitalian

Apr. 672 – Jun. 676

Adeodatus II

Nov. 676 – Apr. 678

Donus

Jun. 678 – Jan. 681

Agatho

Dec. 681 – Jul. 683

Leo II

Jun. 684 – May 685

Benedict II (Emperor Constantine IV was unavailable to approve the nomination of Benedict, so it was many months before he could be ordained)

Jul. 685 – Aug. 686

John V

Oct. 686 – Sept. 687

Conon

Dec. 687 – Sept. 701

Sergius I

Oct. 701 – Jan. 705

John VI

Mar. 705 – Oct. 707

John VII

Jan. 708 – Feb. 708

Sisinnius

Mar. 708 – Apr. 715

Constantine

May 715 – Feb. 731

Gregory II

Mar. 731 – Nov. 741

Gregory III

Dec. 741 – Mar. 752

Zachary

Mar. 752 – Mar. 752

Pope-elect Stephen was elected but died before he could take office; included just for your information

Mar. 752 – Apr. 757

Stephen II

May 757 – Jun. 767

Paul I

Aug. 767 – Jan. 772

Stephen III

Feb. 772 – Dec. 795

Adrian I

Dec. 795 – Jun. 816

Leo III

Jun. 816 – Jan. 817

Stephen IV

Jan. 817 – Feb. 824

Paschal I

May 824 – Aug. 827

Eugene II

Aug. 827 – Sep. 827

Valentine

827 – Jan. 844

Gregory IV

Jan. 844 – Jan. 847

Sergius II

Jan. 847 – Jul. 855

Leo IV

855 – Apr. 858

Benedict III

Apr. 858 – Nov. 867

Nicholas I (the Great)

Dec. 867 – Dec. 872

Adrian II

Dec. 872 – Dec. 882

John VIII

Dec. 882 – May 884

Marinus I

May 884 – Sept. 885

Adrian III

885 – Sept. 891

Stephen V

Sept. 891 – Apr. 896

Formosus

Apr. 896 – Apr. 896

Boniface VI

May 896 – Aug. 897

Stephen VI

Aug. 897 – Nov. 897

Romanus

Dec. 897 – Dec. 897

Theodore II

Jan. 898 – Jan. 900

John IX

900 – 903

Benedict IV

Jul. 903 – Sept. 903

Leo V

Jan. 904 –Apr. 911

Sergius III (This began an awful time for the papacy, that non-Catholic historians have referred to as "the rule of the harlots"; it continued through John XII, who died in 964—link coming)

Apr. 911 – Jun. 913

Anastasius III

Jul. 913 – Feb. 914

Lando

Mar. 914 – May 928

John X

May 928 – Dec. 928

Leo VI

Dec 928 – Feb. 931

Stephen VII

Feb. 931 – Dec. 935

John XI

Jan 936 – Jul. 939

Leo VII O. S. B.

Jul. 939 – Oct 942

Stephen VIII

Oct 942 – May 946

Marinus II

May 946 – Dec. 955

Agapetus II

Dec 955 – May 964

Dec 955 – May 964</td><td style="width: 350px; ">John XII

May 964 – Jun. 964

Benedict V

July 964 – Marc 965

Leo VIII

Oct 965  – Sept 972

John XIII

Jan 973 – Jul. 983

Benedict VI

Dec 983 – Aug 984

John XIV

Aug 985 – Mar.996

John XV

May 996 – Feb. 999

Gregory V

Apr. 999 – May 1003

Sylvester II

Jun. 1003 – Dec 1003

John XVII

Dec 1003 – 1009

John XVIII

Jul. 1009 – May 1012

Sergius IV

May 1012 – Apr. 1024

Benedict VII

April 1024 – Oct 1032

John XIX

1032 – 1044

Benedict IX

1045

Sylvester III

1045 –1046

Benedict IX

Apr. 1045 – Dec 1046

Gregory VI

Dec 1046 – Oct 1047

Clement II

Nov. 1047 – 1048

Benedict IX

Jul. 1048 – Aug 1048

Damasus II

Feb. 1049 – Apr. 1054

Leo IX

Aug. 1057 – Mar. 1058

Stephen IX

Dec 1058 – Jul. 1061

Nicholas II

Sep. 1061 – Apr. 1073

Alexander II

Apr. 1073 – May 1085

Gregory VII

May 1086 – Sep. 1087

Victor III

March 1088 – Jul. 1090

Urban II

Aug 1099 –Jan 1118

Paschal II

Jan 1118 – Jan. 1119

Gelasius II

Feb 1119 – Dec 1124

Calllixitus II

Dec 1124 – Feb. 1130

Honorius II

Feb 1130 – Sep. 1143

Innocent II

Sep. 1143 – Mar. 1144

Celestine II

Mar. 1144 – Feb. 1145

Lucius II

Feb 1145 – Jul. 1153

Eugene III

Jul. 1153 – Dec. 1154

Anastasius IV

Dec 1154 – Sep. 1159

Adrian IV

Sept 1159 – Aug. 1181

Alexander III

Sep. 1181 – Nov. 1185

Lucius III

Nov. 1185 – Oct 1187

Urban III

Oct 1187 – Dec 1187

Gregory VIII

Dec. 1187 – Mar. 1191

Clement III

Mar. 1197 – Jan. 1198

Celestine III

Jan 1198 – Jul. 1216

Innocent III

Jul. 1216 – Mar. 1227

Honorius III

Mar. 1227 – Aug 1241

Gregory IX

Oct 1241 – Nov. 1241

Celestine IV

Jun. 1243 – Dec. 1254

Innocent IV

Dec. 1254 – May 1261

Alexander IV

Aug. 1261 – Oct 1264

Urban IV

Feb. 1265 – Nov. 1268

Clement IV

Sep. 1271 – Jan 1276

Gregory X

Jan. 1276 – Aug. 1276

Adrian V

Sep. 1276 – May 1277

John XXI

Nov. 1277  – 1280

Nicholas III

Feb. 1281 – Mar. 1285

Martin IV

Apr. 1285 – Apr. 1287

Honorius IV

Feb 1288 – Apr. 1292

Nicholas IV

Jul. 1294 – Dec. 1294

Celestine V

Dec. 1294 –  Oct.1303

Boniface VIII

Oct. 1303 – Jul. 1304

Benedict XI

Jun. 1305 – Apr. 1314

Clement V

Aug. 1316 – Dec 1334

John XXII

Dec. 1334 – Apr. 1342

Benedict XII

May 1342 – Dec. 1352

Clement VI

Dec. 1252 – Sep. 1362

Innocent VI

Sep. 1362 – Dec. 1370

Urban V

Dec 1370 – Mar. 1378

Gregory XI

Apr. 1378 – Oct. 1389

Urban VI

Nov. 1389 – Oct. 1404

Boniface IX

Oct. 1404 – Nov. 1406

Innocent VII

Nov. 1406 – Jul. 1415

Gregory XII

Nov. 1407 – Feb. 1431

Martin V

Mar. 1432 – Feb. 1447

Eugene IV

Mar. 1447 – Mar. 1455

Nicholas V

Apr. 1455 – Aug. 1458

Callixtus III

Aug. 1458 – Aug. 1464

Pius II

Aug. 1464 – Jul. 1471

Paul II

Aug. 1471 – Aug. 1484

Sixtus IV

Aug. 1484 – Jul. 1492

Innocent VIII

Sep. 1503 – Oct. 1503

Pius III

Oct. 1503 – Feb. 1513

Julius II

Mar. 1513 – Dec 1521

Leo X

Jan. 1522 – Sep. 1523

Adrian VI

Nov. 1523 – Sep. 1534

Clement VII

Oct. 1534 – Nov. 1549

Paul III

Feb. 1550 – Mar. 1555

Julius III

Apr. 1555 – May 1555

Marcellus II

May 1555 – Aug. 1559

Paul IV

Dec. 1559 – Dec. 1565

Pius IV

Jan 1566 – May 1572

St Pius V

May 1572 – Apr. 1585

Gregory XIII

Apr. 1585 – Aug. 1590

Sixtus V

Sep. 1590 – Sep. 1590

Urban VII

Dec. 1590 – Oct. 1591

Gregory XIV

Oct. 1591 – Dec. 1591

Innocent IX

Jan. 1592 – Mar. 1605

Clement VIII

Apr. 1605 – Apr. 1605

Leo XI

May 1605 – Jan. 1621

Paul V

Feb. 1621 – Jul. 1623

Gregory XV

Aug. 1623 – Jul. 1624

Urban VIII

Sept. 1644 – Jan. 1655

Innocent X

Apr. 1655 – May 1667

Alexander VII

Jun. 1667 – Dec. 1669

Clement IX

Apr. 1670 – Jul. 1676

Clement X

Sep. 1676 – Aug. 1689

Innocent XI

Oct. 1689 – Feb. 1691

Alexander VIII

Jul. 1691 – Sep. 1700

Innocent XII

Nov. 1700 – Mar. 1721

Clement XI

May 1721 – Mar. 1724

Innocent XIII

May 1724 – Feb. 1730

Benedict XIII

Jul. 1730 –  Feb. 1740

Clement XII

Aug. 1740 – May 1758

Benedict XIV

Jul. 1758 – Feb. 1769

Clement XIII

May 1769 – Sep. 1774

Clement XIV

Feb. 1775 – Aug. 1799

Pius VI

Mar. 1800 – Aug. 1823

Pius VII

Sep. 1823 – Feb. 1829

Leo XII

Mar. 1829 – Dec. 1830

Pius VIII

Feb. 1831 – Jun. 1846

Gregory XVI

Feb. 1846 – Feb. 1878

Pius IX

Feb. 1878 – Jul. 1903

Leo XIII

Aug. 1903 – Aug. 1914

St. Pius X

Sep. 1914 – Jan 1922

Benedict XV

Feb. 1922 – Feb. 1939

Pius XI

Mar. 1939 – Oct. 1958

Pius XII

Oct. 1958 – Jun. 1963

John XXIII

Jun. 1963 – Aug. 1978

Paul VI

Aug. 1978 – Sept. 1978

John Paul I

Oct. 1978 – Apr. 2005

John Paul II

Apr. 2005 –  Feb. 28, 2013

Benedict XVI

Mar. 13, 2013 –  present

Francis

That's the chronological list of all popes. The links above are for the more controversial or more interesting stories.

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